By W. H. Newton-Smith
This can be a sturdy selection of articles on a large choice of significant themes within the philosophy of technology. Esp. strong for undergraduates to get an summary of key arguments approximately a variety of colleges of suggestion, ideas, and thinkers. Given the rather low cost, the big variety of pages, and the standard of (most) of the articles, it's really worth deciding to buy.
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Additional resources for A Companion to the Philosophy of Science
Avicenna 980-1037 Sajjad Rizvi Abu 'Ali Husayn ibn Sina, better known in Europe as Avicenna, is arguably the most influential philosopher of the pre-modern era. Born near Bukhara in Central Asia, he is best known as a physician whose major work the Canon continued to be taught as a medical textbook in Europe and in the Islamic world until the early modern period, and as a philosopher whose major work the Cure had a decisive impact upon European scholasticism. Avicenna is well known as the author of one of the most influential proofs for the existence of God.
Way 2 1. The world is a sequence of events. 2. Every event in the world has a cause. 3. e. God. Way 3 1. The world might not have been. 2. Everything that exists in the world depends on some other thing for its existence. 3. e. God. St Thomas Aquinas 23 Way 4 1. There are degrees of perfection in the world. 2. Things are more perfect the closer they approach the maximum. 3. e. God. Way5 1. Each body has a natural tendency towards its goal. 2. All order requires a designer. 3. This end-directedness of natural bodies must have a designing force behind it.
Bacon argued that the dominance of Aristotelian logic in the universities was an impediment to the advancement of knowledge and that the educational system needed reform to allow a new scientific method based on observation to develop. This work provided an intellectual underpinning to the practical promotion of scientific education represented by the newly founded Gresham College and its lectureships in astronomy, divinity, geometry, law, music, physic and rhetoric. In Novum Organum (1620), Bacon summarized the results of his exploration of the fundamental principles of scientific thought.