By Stephen Cheung
This article addresses the first environmental elements affecting humans once they are exercise and competing in recreation and offers evidence-based info with quite a few references.
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Additional info for Advanced environmental exercise physiology
17 Advanced Environmental Exercise Physiology Tcore Core temperature plateaus once initial positive heat balance is distributed and heat dissipation matches heat production. Start of run Heat production rises immediately with exercise, while heat dissipation (vasodilation, sweating) has a time lag. This positive heat balance (shaded area below) is gradually distributed throughout the body, resulting in a steady initial rise in core temperature. Watts 18 End of run Upon cessation of exercise, heat production decreases, rapidly matched by sweating and vasodilation decreases.
Lastly, the model integrates homeothermy into a larger picture of whole-body physiological homeo stasis by assuming the ability of a variety of nonthermal factors to affect temperature control (Mekjavic and Eiken 2006). In building this model of homeothermy, Bligh adds a layer of complexity to the presence of warm-sensitive and cold-sensitive neurons within the body and especially the CNS. The added complexity comes in as the activity of one set of sensors inter connects with the pathway of the other sensors to provide an inhibitory stimulus, such that strong stimulation of warm-responsive neurons not only activates heat loss effector pathways but also inhibits cold-sensitive neurons and heat gain pathways.
A rise in body temperature from sustained heat storage happens through a continued imbalance in the heat balance equation (see chapter 2), and can arise through a combination of exercise-induced metabolic heat production, environmental conditions (temperature, humidity), and the wearing of clothing that impairs evaporative heat transfer. The physiological responses of the body during exercise in the heat are not a new concern; a seminal work by Adolph (1947) summarized an extensive set of experiments on soldiers during World War II.