Download Alternative Action Theory: Simultaneously a Critique of by Ota Weinberger PDF

By Ota Weinberger

Action is conceived of as an intentional habit of a person or of an institutional topic; it's made up our minds by means of info processing, particularly by way of a method within which items of descriptive and useful details are concerned. motion is defined by means of a proper and finalistic concept that's hooked up with a particular conception of associations. The philosophical foundation of the common sense of norm sentences and of different structures of sensible considering (formal teleology, axiology, common sense of personal tastes) is mentioned. the writer criticizes conventional deontic common sense and argues in prefer of a real good judgment of norms. The e-book supplies a constitution research of the so-called functional inference and of nomic causal propositions. along with a serious account of von Wright's useful philosophy the writer deals serious analyses of discourse rationality (Habermas, Apel, Alexy) and of Wittgenstein's perspectives on philosophizing.
The ebook addresses readers drawn to philosophical common sense, useful philosophy, sociology of associations, felony philosophy, and idea democracy.

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22 CHAPTER 1 namely, that a general norm is valid and that the individual meaning, corresponding to it, of a volitional act is present. Also, it must be a matter here of assertions on the validity of the general norm and of the already valid individual one corresponding to it. : 1. The general norm holds: 'All persons should keep the promises they give to other persons'. 2. ' 3. 203). In the descriptive language there is no rule on which such a inference could be based. Ad (b): "The subjective meaning of a volitional act directed at the behavior of someone else will also be its objective meaning, namely: a valid, binding norm, if this act has been authorized by the valid norm of a positive moral or legal order.

The norm that promises should be kept evidently is a general norm. Whether a new duty arises from the fact that in a certain situation Sl a person PI has promised a person Ql to do PI needs to be examined more closely. This fact (or its ascertainment) insofar does not create a typically new obligation as it has been pre-established by the general norm that there exists an obligation here arising from a promise; but there does exist a new obligation of the person Pl. 447-456. 29Perhaps it would - at least for the purpose of legal theory - be more appropriate here to speak of general norm-sentences.

For the concept of dichotomous semantics I use in this article the somewhat unwieldy expression "erkenntnismaf3ig differenzierte Semantik" (cognitively differentiated semantics). 3That evaluating and preferential sentences are often treated as descriptive ones is well known. This can be regarded as superficial grammar of the language, which in the case of a critical analysis in the light of in-depth grammar requires a correction by which the position-taking, not purely descriptive, character of the so-called evaluating and preferential sentence parts is brought to light.

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